AskDefine | Define idem

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Etymology

Loanword from .

Adjective

  1. The same.

Derived terms

Usage notes

  • Used almost exclusively in footnotes of academic or scholarly papers to indicate that the source referred to in a footnote is the same as the source in the preceding footnote; usually abbreviated when so used.

Croatian

Etymology

A form of the verb ići (=to go)

Verb

idem
  1. I go

Italian

Adverb

idem

Pronoun

idem
  1. ditto, the same

Latin

Adjective

īdem , eadem , idem
  1. the same

Inflection

Irregular declension.

Serbian

Etymology

A form of the verb ići (=to go)

Verb

idem
  1. I go

Extensive Definition

Ibid. (Latin, short for ibidem, "the same place") is the term used to provide an endnote or footnote citation or reference for a source that was cited in the preceding endnote or footnote. It is similar in meaning to idem (meaning something that has been mentioned previously; the same) abbreviated "Id.," which is commonly used in legal citation.
To find the ibid. source, one has to look at the reference right before it, and so ibid. serves a similar purpose to ditto marks (〃, ", do.).

Example

  • 4. E. Vijh, Latin for dummies (New York: Academic, 1997), 23.
  • 5. Ibid.
  • 6. Ibid., at 29.
The reference in no. 5 is the same as in no. 4 (E. Vijh, "Latin for dummies" on page 23), whereas the reference in no. 6 refers to the same work but at a different location, namely page 29. Intervening entries require a reference to the original citation in the form "Ibid. ," (e.g. "8. Ibid. 4" or "8. Ibid 4, at 34")

See also

idem in German: Ebenda
idem in Estonian: Ibid.
idem in Spanish: Ibídem (vocablo latino)
idem in French: Ibid
idem in Italian: Ibidem
idem in Dutch: Ibid
idem in Japanese: Ibid
idem in Norwegian: Ibid
idem in Polish: Idem
idem in Slovak: Ibidem
idem in Slovenian: Ibid.
idem in Swedish: Ibidem
idem in Turkish: Ibid
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